Alaska National Fire Incident Reporting System (ANFIRS)
The Alaska National Fire Inicident Reporting System (ANFIRS) objective is to help Alaska develop fire reporting and analysis capability for our own use, and to obtain data that can be used to more accurately assess and subsequently combat the fire problem at a State level. After we compile the data from Alaska fire departments, we forward it to the United States Fire Administration (USFA) where they gather and analyze information on the magnitude of the Nation's fire problem, as well as its detailed characteristics and trends.
There are many objectives of ANFIRS. The information provides data that is utilized in development of methods of reducing deaths and injuries as well as loss to personal property. It provides a measuring tool for comparison of areas in the state and states throughout the United States.
Although paperwork may seem to have little to do with fire protection, firefighters who carefully document the causes of fires and the make model and serial numbers of products involved in fires help identify how similar fires can be prevented in the future.
With the implementation of the new Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS 5.0) in 2000, the Division of Fire and Life Safety upgraded it's reporting system to meet this new standard.
With the transition to the new system the Division of Fire and Life Safety implemented the following policies:
The State began using the new NFIRS 5.0 software on January 1, 2000. Incident reports in the 4.1 format was accepted through December, 2000. By that time all departments must have transitioned to the new format. The state will not accept any incidents reported in other formats other than NFIRS 5.0. If a fire department reports their incidents by any other means, their incidents will not become part of the State statistics and the fire department will be considered as "not reporting".
The NFIRS 5.0 reporting system is designed to be a computer based reporting system.
The Division of Fire and Life Safety will furnish paper forms for incident reporting but only to the departments that have less than 5 fires per year. All fire or related incidents must be reported to the Division of Fire and Life Safety on a form approved by the Division of Fire and Life Safety (13 AAC 52.020). All others must report electronically.
Departments must report monthly. The reports are due by the 10th of every month for the previous month reports.
If a department did not have any fires for the previous month, the ANFIRS Program Manager must be notified of this. Departments can notify Marie Collins by email, fax, phone call or any other means that is easiest for the Department. However, if available, sending an email is the best way for notification.
The NFIRS 5.0 forms, Reference Guide, and coding questions and answers can be downloaded below:
In an effort to assist fire departments, the Division of Fire and Life Safety is allowing the use of the Data Entry Brower Interface (DEBI); a web-based NFIRS program for Version 5.0. NOTE: Internet connection will be necessary. This will be granted to fire departments upon request and is at no cost to fire departments.
Departments must contact the Division of Fire and Life Safety ANFIRS State Program Manger to establish a username and password to access the system.
All departments must report fires and related incidents as per 13 AAC 52.020. Departments not reporting as required may loose their registration status.
The Division of Fire and Life Safety publishes statewide fire statistics once a year. These statistics include a list of all communities reporting up to that time and fire loss data yearly.
National Fire Incident Reporting System Training Opportunity
Last year, fires killed over 3,000 people, injured more than 15,000 and caused an estimated $11.5 billion in damage. Over a five-year period, the cause of ignition in the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) was unknown in almost three out of every five home fire deaths, according to the United States Fire Administration and the National Fire Protection Association. Recognizing the reporting gap in NFIRS, the National Association of State Fire Marshals (NASFM) has launched a free, online training program for the fire service, “Understand Your Role in Fire Incident Data,” available at NASFM’s training portal at www.nasfm-training.org.
This online course takes approximately one hour. Since the training program is self-guided, it can be easily incorporated into recruit training at a fire station level and used by full-time, call and volunteer fire departments.